William Shakespeare, was an English poet, playwright, and actor from Stratford-Upon-Avon England. Most people accept he was born in 1564, on April 23rd, which is also Saint Georges Day. Although there is no birth certificate, we know he was baptised on 26th April.
Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language, and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet. He wrote about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, 2 long narrative poems, and a few other verses, of which the authorship is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major, living language, and are performed more often than those, of any other playwright.
Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who was 8 years older than him, at the age of 18. They had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. After his marriage, information about his life became very rare. But he is thought to have spent most of his time in London, writing, and performing in his plays.
Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men.
Around 1613, at the age of 49, he retired to Stratford , where he died three years later.
Few records of Shakespeare’s private life survive. He died on 23 April 1616, at the age of 52, within a month of signing his will, a document which he begins by describing himself as being in “perfect health”. In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large estate, to his elder daughter Susanna.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work, between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories and these works are still regarded as some of the best work he produced. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, which are considered some of the finest works in the English language.
In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.
Shakespeare’s plays remain highly popular today, and are constantly studied performed, and reinterpreted throughout the world.